The Content of the Right in the Civil Law


  • Mikheil Bichia



Right, Signs of right, Civil Rights, Theories, Criticism.


Determining the content of the civil right and its main features is one of the most important issues of civil law. The aim of the research is firstly to critically analyze the theories about a right, and then determine the content of the civil right and its features. We will try to throw light on the methodological foundations of civil rights and the relationship between its legal and factual origins.

Clarifying the issue is important to define the legal nature of civil rights and make out what a subject can protect, where the actual opportunity of a person ends, and from which moment it acquires a legal form. Accordingly, the topic is engrossing from the perspective of legal protection of interests of a subject which provides it with more practical significance.

The research has revealed that theories of rights are flawed and cannot explain the legal nature of rights individually. Therefore, a right should not be reduced to only one component recognized by either one or the other theory. It is appropriate to consider a right in close relation to a duty and distinguish it from the actual possibility. A civil right is studied as an opportunity provided by civil law to perform an action that can be based on both law and contract. This is especially noteworthy within the framework of the principle of ‘’Everything that is not prohibited is permitted’’. Accordingly, the scope of the concept of civil rights should be much wider than the content of public rights.

Author Biography

Mikheil Bichia

Doctor of Law, Visiting lecturer of  Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Professor of European University (Tbilisi), Expert in Accreditation of Higher Education Programs.


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How to Cite

Bichia , M. (2023). The Content of the Right in the Civil Law. Journal of Law, (2), 38–53 (Geo) 34.