An “Inducer” Third Person in Contractual Relations – Grounds and the Scope of Liability


  • Rati Chantladze



Pre-Contractual Relations, Culpa In Contrahendo Doctrine, Third Persons in the Pre-Contractual Stage, An “Inducer” Third Person, Reimbursement of the Expenses Incurred.


In parallel with the evolution of contractual relations, the pre-contractual stage acquires increasing significance, where, along with a future creditor and a debtor, partake third parties, who might influence the forming of the consent of the negotiating persons. The following article explores the issue of the engagement of said third parties in pre-contractual relations, the grounds for claiming damages from them and the scope of liability; More precisely, highlighted is the legal nature of the claims raised against “inducer” third persons, and how it differs from other claims in the law of obligations.

Despite the participation of third persons in a pre-contractual stage and the practical importance of asserting a claim against them, Georgian norms fail to adequately and extensively regulate the issue. Hence, through the comparative legal methodology, the paper analyses the topic through the Georgian and German normative order lens. Definitions presented in the German doctrine of “culpa in contrahendo”, as well as, judicial practice.

Author Biography

Rati Chantladze

Invited Lecturer at the Faculty of Law of the Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University


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How to Cite

Chantladze, R. (2024). An “Inducer” Third Person in Contractual Relations – Grounds and the Scope of Liability. Journal of Law, (1).