Acquisition Based on Real Estate Ownership Deal in Georgian, German and French Law


  • Ketevan Kvinikadze


Immovable property, public registry, complaint, agreement, registration, alienation , ownership right, bona fide purchaser.


In a legal system of any country while setting regulations related to the things determinant is found in its economic value. Precisely, economic value of things is a main sign of the rules of the emergence and forfeiture of ownership right. The more the thing is valued, the more interested the person is in its ownership. Various legal system relates ownership emerging on immovable thing to different procedures, respectively, rule of forfeiture varies. From the standpoint of Comparative Law, it seems interesting that analysis of German and French legal systems of purchasing immovable thing differs in connection with Georgian Law not only with a moment of ownership right emerging but also with the protection guaranties of bona fide purchasing immovable thing. The aim of the following paper serves to research the attitudes of these three states referring to immovable thing.

Author Biography

Ketevan Kvinikadze

Doctoral Student at the Faculty of Law, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University.


Amending the Civil Code of Georgia, № 3879 - CCM I, № 48, 22/12/2006.

Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch (BGB), 01/01/1900.

Civil Code of Georgia, Parliamentary Gazette, 31, 24/07/1997.

Artz M., Lorenz A., in Erman W. BGB, 15. Aufl., Band II, Köln, 2017, 3828, 3831, 3832.

Bauer F., Stürner R., Sachenrecht, 18.Aufl., München, 2009, 225.

Brox H., Walker W.D., Allgemeiner Teil des BGB, 39. Aufl., München, 2015, 337.

Chachava S., Competition of Claims and Grounds of Claims in Private Law, Tbilisi, 2010, 7.

Chachava S., Decision Assessment of 17th October, 2017 of the Constitutional Court regarding the Presumption of the Public Registry, 13,, [25.03.2020] (in Georgian).

Chaduneli G., Action of Defective Record of Public Registy on the deals of the Immovable Thing (Comparative-Legal Analysis), Journal: “Junior Lawyers” №2, 2014, 7 (in Georgian).

Chanturia L., General Part of Civil Law, Tbilisi, 2011, 38 (in Georgian).

Chanturia L., Ownership on the Immovable Property, Second Edition, Tbilisi, 2001, 163 (in Georgian).

Danelia E., Demarcation Principles based on the Example of a Gift Agreement: Review of Georgian Law – Special Edition, 2008, Tbilisi, 32 (in Georgia).

Eberhard V., Sirdadze L., Vain Attempt, of Bringing to Life of Fey, Comparitive Law Journal, №1/2019, 1, 2,12, 19 (in Georgian).

Hirte H., BGB Allgemeiner Teil, 2. Aufl., Band 1, Hamburg, 2014, 18.

Kirner O., Macor K., Frankreichimmobilien, 7. Aufl., Freiburg, 2015, 61, 72.

Knieper R., L Chanturia L., Schramm H. J., Das Privatrecht im Kaukasus und in Zentralazien, BWV, Berlin, 2010, 314.

Kochashvili K., Ownership and Privacy – Fact and Right in Civil Law, Tbilisi, 2013, 200 (in Georgian).

Kohler J., in Müko, 8.Aufl., München, 2020, 378, 379.

Krimphove D., Das Europaeische Sachenrecht, Band 1, 1. Aufl., Köln, 2006, 157.

Kropholler J., German Civil Code, Study Commentary, Darjania T., Chechelashvili Z. (Transl.), Chachanidze E., Totladze L. (eds.), Tbilisi, 2014, 675 (in Georgian).

Lapachi E., Public Registry – Registration Agency of Immovable Thing and Implemented Reforms in this Sphere, “Law Journal”, №2, 2011, 95 (in Georgian).

Palandt O., Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch, Band 7, 65. Aufl., München, 2006, 1356.

Phalavandishvili K., Real Property Acquisation Transformation in Georgian Law, “Journal of Law”, № 2, 2012, 232, 233 (in Georgian).

Prütting H., Wegen G., Weinreich G., Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch, Kommentar, 13. Aufl., München, 2018, 577, 1886.

Quiz T., Decision Analysis of Constitutional Court of Georgia – “Nodar Dvali opposes the Parliament of Georgia” – from a perspective of German Law, Comparative Law Journal, 1/2019, 1, 3, 11.

Ring G., Griziwotz H., Keukenschrijver A., BGB Kommentar, Sachenrecht, Band 3, 3.Aufl., Baden-Baden 2013, 150, 172, 164.

Rusiashvili G., Sirdadze L., Egnatashvili D., Property Law, The Cases, Tbilisi, 2019, 317 (in Georgian).

Schmid C. U., Hertel C., Wicke H., Real Property Law and Procedure in the European Union, General Report, Final Version, 31.5.2005, 33, 34, 48, 50, 52,, [25.30.2020].

Schutte P., The Characteristics of an Abstract System for the Transfer of Property in South African Law as Distinguished from a Causal System, PER/PELJ (15)3, 2012, 139.

Shotadze T., Comparative Property Law, 1st ed., Tbilisi, 2015, 42 (in Georgian).

Sirdadze L., Complaint against Public Registry Record, “Journal of Comparative Law”, №1/2020, 8 (in Georgian).

Sirdadze L., Ownership Entitlement on the Immovable Thing by Authorised and Unauthorised Person, “Comparitive Law Journal”, 2/2019, 44, 56 (in Georgian).

Stürner R., in Soergel H. -Th., BGB, Sachenrecht 1, Band 14, Stuttgart, 2002, 91, 92, 105, 106, 160, 172.

Tavadze Z., Ownership Entitlement on the Immovable Property – Consitutional Balance between the Interests of Original Owner and Bona Fide Purchaser (Decision Analysis of 17th December of 2017 of the Consitutional Court) Law and World, N 8/2017, 22 and the following pages (in Georgian).

Vieweg K., Werner A., Sachenrecht, 5 Aufl., München, 486.

Weirich H. A., Grundstücksrecht, 3. Aufl., München, 2006, 259, 260, 267, 276, 282, 287, 288.

Wilhelm J., Sachenrecht, 6. Aufl., Berlin/Boston, 2019, 364, 411.

Wolf M., Welenhofer M., Property Law, Chechelashvili Z. (Transl.), 29th ed., Tbilisi, 2016, 208.

Zarandia T., Property Law, 2nd ed., Tbilisi, 2019, 297-304 (in Georgian).

Zarandia T., Bona Fide Purchase by Uncredited Alienation in Georgian Court Practice, 64-77,, [25/03/2020] (in Georgian).

Zeising J., Der grundbuchliche Rechtshängigkeitsvermerk - ungeregelt und entbehrlich?, ZJS 1/2010, 1, 2.

Zoidze B., Practical Existential Cognition Attempt of Law, Tbilisi, 2013, 217, 218 (in Georgian).

Zoidze B., Propety Law of Georgia, Tbilisi, 2003, 144 (in Georgian).

Zoidze B., Reception of European Private Law in Georgia, Tbilisi, 2005, 210 (in Georgian).

Decision №AS-333-318-2012 of 19th July of 2019 of Supreme Court of Georgia.

Decision №2b/453-11 of 31th May of 2011 of Appeal Court of Tbilisi.

Decision № 3/4550 of 17th October, 2017, of Constitutional Court on the case: A Civilian of Georgia, Nodar Dvali opposes the Parliament of Georgia, [25.03.2020].



How to Cite

Kvinikadze, K. (2019). Acquisition Based on Real Estate Ownership Deal in Georgian, German and French Law. Journal of Law, (2), 109–124. Retrieved from