Individual Aspects of Regulating Substantive Criminal Law Issues of Juvenile Justice


  • Temur Tskitishvili


Juvenile Justice, Juvenile Sentencing, The Aims of Juvenile Sentencing, The Principle of Proportionality, The Best Interests of the Juvenile, Diversion and Mediation.


The following article discusses the following individual aspects of regulating substantive criminal law issues according to the juvenile justice code: the importance of considering the best interests of juveniles in juvenile justice; legislative shortcomings that impede the realization of the best interests of juveniles; aims of juvenile punishment, their interaction and importance at the time of determining the form of sentence. The article also focuses on the importance of the principle of proportionality in juvenile justice, the necessity of considering the personalities of juvenile convicts, juvenile sentencing and legislative regulation of sentencing, and the rules of use and importance of restorative justice (diversion and mediation) in criminal juvenile justice oriented toward their correction and education.


Albrecht P. A., Spezialprävention angesichts neuer Tätergruppen, ZStW, 1985, 833.

Akubardia I., On the Development of the Institution of Diversion, in the collection: Guram Natchkebia ― 75, anniversary collection, Tbilisi, 2016, 61, 69-70 (in Georgian).

Brunner R., Dölling D., Jugendgerichtsgesetz, Kommentar, 13 Aufl., Berlin, Boston, 2018, 185-186.

Christy N., The Limits of Pain, the Role of Punishment in Penitentiary Politics, 1st ed., Georgian-Norwegian Association of the Rule of Law, Tbilisi, 2017, 13 (in Georgian).

Diemer H., Schatz H., Sonnen B. -R., Jugendgerichtsgesetz, 7 Aufl., Heidelberg, 2015, 157.

Eisenberg U., Jugendgerichtsgesetz, 20 Aufl., München, 2018, 305, 318, 319, 1257.

Gamkrelidze O., Criminal Problems, III Vol., Tbilisi, 2013, 111-112 (in Georgian).

Gamkrelidze O., The Concept of Criminal Punishment, “German-Georgian Criminal Electronic Jour-nal”, N 1, 2016, 3-8 (in Georgian).

Gotua Z., Criminal Law, General Part, Punishment, Tbilisi, 2001, 40 (in Georgian).

Gotsiridze E., in the book: Turava P. (ed.), Commentary of the Constitution of Georgia, Chapter II. Georgian Citizenship. Human Rights and Freedoms, Tbilisi, 2013, 125 (in Georgian).

Hamilton K., Notes from the Textbook of Juvenile Justice Legal Reform, Children’s Legal Center and United Nations Children’s Fund (“UNICEF”) (trans.), Tbilisi, 2011, 34, 34, 35, 101, 102, 104, 109 (in Georgian).

Ivanidze M., Juvenile and His Best Interests, in the Book: Todua N., Ivanidze M. (ed.), Analysis of Juvenile Legislation and Legal Practice, Tbilisi, 2017, 40 (in Georgian).

Izoria L., Modern State, Modern Administration, Tbilisi, 2009, 200 (in Georgian).

Jescheck H. H., Weigend Th., Lehrbuch des Strafrechts Allgemeiner Teil, 5 Aufl., Berlin, 1969, 65.

Kaiser G., Schöch H., Kinzig J., Kriminologie, Jugendstrafrecht, Strafvollzug, 8 Aufl., München, 2015, 160.

Kargl W., Friede durch Vergeltung, Über den Zusammenhang von Sache und Zweck im Strafbegriff, GA 1998, 60-61.

Kopaleishvili M., Does the Action Provided by Para. 5¹ of the Article 42 of the Criminal Code of Georgia Involve Criminal Responsibility of a Parent, Journal of Law, N 1, 2013, 295-306.

Laubenthal K., Baier H., Nestler N., Jugendstrafrecht, 2 Aufl., Heidelberg, 2010, 2, 3, 4.

Lekveishvili M., Punishment and Specifics of Sentence of Juveniles, in the collection: Lekveishvili M., Shalikashvili M. (ed.), Problems of Imprisonment for Torture and Correctional Coercion, Tbilisi, 2011, 35 (in Georgian).

Meier B. -D., Strafrechtliche Sanktionen, 4 Aufl., Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015, 170.

Meier B. -D., Rössner D., Trüg G., Wulf R. (Hrsg.), Jugendgerichtsgesetz, 2 Aufl., Baden-Baden, 2014, 63, 64, 65, 92, 233, 234, 239, 242, 244, 245, 245-246, 248, 249, 250.

Mtchedlishvili-Hädrich K., Sanctions in Juvenile Criminal Law According to the German Legislation, in the collection: Lekveishvili M., Shalikashvili M. (ed.), The Problems of Compulsory Punishment and Educational Nature of Juvenile Sentence, Tbilisi, 2011, 243-244 (in Georgian).

Natchkebia G., Problem of Inner Unity of Crime and Punishment, in the collection: Mzia Lekveishvili ― 85, Anniversary Collection, Tbilisi, 2014, 19 (in Georgian).

Ostendorf H., Drenkhahn K., Jugendstrafrecht, 9 Aufl., Baden-Baden, 2017, 59, 60, 63, 64, 142, 143.

Pawlik M., Person, Subjekt, Bürger, Zur Legitimation von Strafe, Berlin, 2004, 15.

Roxin C., Strafrecht, Allgemeiner Teil, Band I, 4 Aufl., München, 2006, 75, 88.

Schaffstein F., Beulke W., Swoboda S., Jugendstrafrecht, Eine systematische Darstellung, 15 Aufl., Stuttgart, 2014, 165, 166-167, 170-171, 172, 173, 178, 179.

Schöch H., in: Meier B. -D., Rössner D., Schöch H., Jugendstrafrecht, 3 Aufl., München 2013, 215, 215-216, 217, 220-221, 224.

Schwabe I., Decisions of the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany, Chachanidze E. (trans.), Tbilisi, 2011, 373 (in Georgian).

Shalikashvili M., Mikanadze G., Juvenile Justice (Textbook), 2nd ed., Tbilisi, Freiburg, Strasbourg, 2016, 76-77, 82, 91-92, 126, 127, 140-141 (in Georgian).

Shalikashvili M., Notes on the Juvenile Justice Code, “Journal of Criminology”, № 1, 2016, 79, 83-84, 86 (in Georgian).

Streng F., Jugendstrafrecht, 4 Aufl., Heidelberg, 2016, 9, 10, 121-122, 210, 207, 222, 222-223, 223-224, 225.

Streng F., Der Erziehungsgedanke im Jugendstrafrecht, ZStW, 1994, 72.

Streng F., Schuld, Vergeltung, Generalprävention, ZStW, 1980, 639.

Todua N., Some Disputed Issues of Juvenile Sentence, in the book: Todua N., Ivanidze M. (ed.), Analysis of Juvenile Law and Court Practice, Tbilisi, 2017, 114-117, 121 (in Georgian).

Tumanishvili G., Restorative Justice and the Perspective of Its Development in Georgia, in the collec-tion: Turava M. (ed.), The Science of Criminal Law in the Process of European Development, the Collection of Scientific Symposium of Criminal Law, Tbilisi, 2013, 258, 263 (in Georgian).

Vardzelashvili S., The Goals of Sentence, Tbilisi, 2016, 269-270 (in Georgian).

BGH GA, 1982, 554.

BGHSt, 15, 224, 226.

BGHSt, 16, 263.

BGHSt, 36, 42.

BGH NStZ, 2002, 207.

BGH StV, 1995, 584.

Decisions of the Supreme Court of Georgia, № 4, Tbilisi, 2005, 46 (in Georgian).

Decision of 11 July 2011of the Constitutional Court of Georgia, № 3/2/416.

Entscheidungen des Bundesverfassungsgerichts (BVerfGE), 45 Band, 1978, 238-239.

NStZ, 1996, 496.

Strafverteidiger (StV), 1994, 599.

Strafverteidiger (StV), 2001, 178.

Strafverteidiger (StV), 2009, 93.

Strafverteidiger (StV), 2003, 222.



How to Cite

Tskitishvili, T. (2019). Individual Aspects of Regulating Substantive Criminal Law Issues of Juvenile Justice. Journal of Law, (1). Retrieved from